Oral and maxillofacial surgeons can complete surgical treatments for issues related to the hard and soft tissues of the mouth and surrounding facial region.
Oral Surgery for Cleft Lip & Cleft Palate
Cleft lip and cleft palates are common congenital disabilities (birth defects) that usually require surgical intervention. Surgeries are typically completed within the first year after the child is born, although it tends to take multiple surgeries to correct cleft lips and cleft palates. Typically, these surgeries are completed in a hospital setting and with the patient under general anesthesia.
Oral Surgery for Wisdom Teeth Removal
In many cases, tooth extractions do not require surgical intervention. However, complex tooth removals may be referred to an oral surgeon, including complicated wisdom teeth removals. This may include when the wisdom teeth are impacted, infected, erupting improperly, or when tumours or cysts have begun to form around the wisdom teeth.
Oral Surgery for TMD
TMD is a set of disorders related to the functioning of the temporomandibular joint, which connects the upper jaw to the lower jaw. TMD can cause pain and discomfort. Although it’s usually treated with less invasive techniques, such as bite splints and night guards, more severe cases may require surgery. There are several types of TMJ surgery available.
Oral Surgery for Dental Implants
The placement of dental implants requires a surgical procedure to be performed by a specialized oral surgeon. In this procedure, the surgeon places small titanium posts into the jawbone as a foundation for implants (permanent false teeth). Dental implants are a permanent solution for tooth loss, but depending on how many implants are needed, several procedures may be required and the entire process can take several months.